In detail

All about perennials

All about perennials

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Lavenders, lilies of the valley, red lupins, peonies, sedges, carnations, bamboo, nasturtium… All these plants have one thing in common: they are perennials. Privileged plants of gardeners and adored by individuals, perennials contribute to the lasting beautification of our gardens. Definition, characteristics and particularity, type of culture ... We tell you everything you need to know about perennials!

How to define a perennial plant?

Perennial plants are characterized by the fact that they do not form wood unlike woody plants. These are herbaceous plants which, in general, live for more than two consecutive years by chaining the vegetative cycles. In fact, the strain of a perennial plant stays in the ground all year round, unlike annual plants which multiply in the form of seeds. Be careful, you should not confuse hardy and rustic! A hardy plant is a plant that resists cold temperatures and frost well. A hardy plant can be hardy, but a hardy plant is not necessarily hardy. Note that we talk about a hardy plant when it resists the cold and that we qualify a perennial plant when its life cycle is important.

Some of the most resistant plants

As you can see, perennials are distinguished from other plants by their resistance and their ability to regenerate. It is not for nothing that they are called perennial plants! Heat as negative temperatures… bad weather does not scare them! In winter, perennials lose their foliage and the aerial parts disappear but the roots do not die. In spring, new shoots resurface before indulging in the spectacle of flowering. For all these reasons, perennials are among the most robust and durable. Undeniably, they are also the most economical ...

Various and varied plants

It is impossible to define the number of varieties of perennials since there are so many. One thing is certain, there are all sizes and colors. Some are characterized by their flowering, their foliage or by their fruiting bodies! There are microscopic models like the Helxine and giants like the Gunnera of Chile. And with such a wide range of possibilities, perennials adapt to many uses: in pots, in beds, in rock gardens or even in ground cover. That said, although perennials are generally hardy, they do not all resist climate differences in the same way. Depending on their specificities and their origins, some perennial plants require more shade, humidity or heat than others. So, as with all plants, we can only recommend that you learn about the nature of the perennials that interest you ...

Cultivation of perennials

As we told you, you must choose perennials adapted to the climatic conditions of your garden as well as the soil and the exposure of your land. In cold regions, it is advisable to plant perennials in the spring. In hot regions, favor cultivation in autumn to take advantage of the warmth of the land after summer. Perennials are easy to care for and grow relatively on their own. That said, watering should be regular, especially during the first years of cultivation. Like most plants, perennials are not against a boost! Offer them some fertilizer and a little compost in the spring to help them resume their flowering and give them a new start…