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The characteristics of the apricot tree
Type: fruit tree
Height: 5 to 10 m
Flower colors: white, pale pink
Fruit name: apricot
Desired exposure: sunny
Type of soil: normal
diseases: gum, fruit fly, moth
Origins and peculiarities of the apricot tree
Theapricot tree is a fruit tree of the genus Prunus, of the family Rosaceae. This tree has a crisp bark trunk with brown-black hues. Its large flowers, which grow before the leaves, are white or pink, with twenty-five stamens.
Originally from China, the apricot tree arrived in France via Roussillon, in the 10th century AD Mainly cultivated for its fruit with orange flesh and sweet taste, apricot is also very popular in some countries for its almond with which, among other things, Amaretto.
There are many varieties of apricot trees, to the delight of gourmets, but there are now fifteen main ones. Among the precocious, which give their fruits between June and July, we find in particular the apricot tree Rouge du Roussillon or the Bulida. Among the late arrivals, who give their harvest at the end of July - beginning of August, the pink Poman or the Bergeron apricot tree are very popular. Each species of apricot tree gives a different fruit, their taste can thus vary from one apricot tree to another and the fruit is also differentiated by its size or its color. The most common apricots are orange but they can also be pink or red depending on the tree species.
Apricot harvest and uses
The first apricot harvest start in June, the last fruits of certain species, such as Bergeron, reach maturity in early August. Gourmands like to pick the apricot from the tree and taste it immediately. The apricot can be eaten fresh but also in pie, clafoutis, jelly or jam. It can also be dried to keep it as long as possible!
The apricot tree is a tolerant plant at ground level, but does not really appreciate cold and wet lands. It supports temperatures up to -30 ° C, but is not very tolerant of early thermal fluctuations. He likes heat and tolerates drought very well. In cold regions, you should favor a sunny and sheltered from wind exposure. Anyway, it is absolutely necessary to plant an apricot tree on a sufficiently drained soil because it does not support excess moisture.
If it is possible to plant an apricot tree in the spring, it is best to plant it in early winter.
Maintenance of the apricot tree
For optimal fruiting, consider putting compost at the base of your apricot tree in early spring; you can also claw the ground at its base, taking care not to brutalize the roots!
This aside, apart from regular watering in the first year after planting, the apricot tree does not require specific care. If its leaves start to turn yellow, hang or stunt, it is because the tree lacks water: water it.
Apricot tree diseases
Just like its cousin the peach tree, the apricot tree can be subject to many cryptogamic diseases (due to a fungus) such as:
- The peach blister, which causes its leaves to darken and fall but also affects its flowers and fruits. To prevent it from damaging your fruit tree, you can opt for a preventive treatment with Bordeaux broth in the spring and fall.
- Powdery mildew.
- Bacterial canker.
- The sharka.
The apricot tree can also be affected by unsightly gum flows: if this is the case, scrape them off, then remove the affected parts before covering them with a putty which will allow them to heal.