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How to plant and cultivate kiwi?

How to plant and cultivate kiwi?


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The characteristics of kiwi

  • Type: vine
  • Height: up to 10m
  • Flower color: white, yellow
  • Fruit name: Kiwi
  • Desired exposure: sunny
  • Type of soil: well drained, humus
  • Foliage: obsolete
  • Sanitizing: no
  • Varieties: Issai, Hayward, Solo, Solissimo Renact, Tomuri

Origins and characteristics of kiwi

The kiwi (also known as kiwitier) is a climbing plant native to China. And yet, it is on the side of New Zealand that its intensive culture and export to the world are developing. Its culture is widely practiced in France, especially in the South West and Corsica.

The kiwi is part of the Actinidia genus and has 70 to 80 varieties. The most commonly encountered is the actinidia chinensis variety. The shrub is in the form of a climbing vine whose stems contain a sticky substance. The foliage is deciduous, consisting of large oval leaves. In June, small, fragrant white flowers appear in the leaf axils.

The initial name of the kiwitier fruit is the Chinese gooseberry. The kiwi is a trade name registered in the 70s. It refers to the emblematic bird of New Zealand.

Rich in vitamins and minerals, it matures in late fall. We can then taste its green, juicy and tangy pulp. It takes a couple of kiwis to give fruit, produced by the female feet. The kiwi seeds 1 male foot to 5 female feet are required, then wait four or five years before tasting the first fruits.

Kiwi plantation

The kiwi tree can grow up to 10m high. This climbing plant is ideal for covering a pergola or for climbing against a wall.

1 male foot alone is enough to pollinate 6 female feet over a distance of 5-6m. Ideally, it should be planted in loamy, cool, deep soil, moist in depth but well drained. The kiwi tree does not tolerate limestone soils, because these can cause chlorosis of its foliage.

In a garden, it is recommended to plant the kiwi in a semi-sunny place, especially in the South. To avoid its branches breaking, choose a place sheltered from the wind.

The most favorable periods for planting kiwi are either the beginning of autumn or in March. If the plant is in a container, planting can be done throughout the year.

Cultivation and maintenance of kiwi

To maintain a good freshness at the foot of the kiwi tree, mulch the foot and water the plant abundantly during its growth until July. Resume watering at the end of summer, when new roots are produced.

You can use a fertilizer for trees or roses to boost the growth of the tree.

The first winter, protect the kiwi tree trunk with a straw sleeve. This will prevent the bark from cracking due to the cold.

The kiwi needs a lot of water. So remember to regularly water the feet after having hoeed. In hot and dry weather, it is advisable to mist the foliage.

Kiwi size

The kiwi is a climbing plant.

In order not to be overwhelmed, two sizes per year are necessary. The first is carried out in winter after harvest (between December and February), taking care to avoid periods of frost. On each secondary branch, keep only 3 or 4 eyes, a length of about 50 cm.

Repeat the operation in summer, keeping only 2 or 3 eyes on each new shoot. Do not hesitate to ventilate the tree by lightening the branches in order to leave the kiwi flower and its fruit breathe.

Kiwi diseases

The kiwi tree is not particularly affected by diseases, except in the case of excessively moist soil. We then witness bacterial attacks which are manifested by necrosis of the leaves.

When the plants are young, consider protecting them from attacks by slugs or snails.



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