A shrub born in the Orient more than 7,000 years BC, the vine belongs today to the Vitaceae family, and has been cultivated since time immemorial for the consumption of its fruit in clusters, the grape. Requiring an almost professional requirement for its culture, viticulture, the vine (vitis) is very little cultivated by individuals, and is therefore mainly grouped in spaces forming the vineyards. The time of its harvest, the harvest period, remains a great festive moment.
Plantation of the vine
Planted in autumn on soils which must have the same characteristics on the whole of a vineyard, the vine needs a lot of sun and heat to be able to produce its fruits. The climbing vine can squeeze along the facades to protect from view or to be harvested directly from the windows.
Pruning of the vine
The pruning of the vine occurs at the end of winter frosts and during summer, when the fruits develop on thetree vine.
Culinary uses of the vine
The fruit of the vine, the grape, can be eaten fresh (table grapes) or dried. The grape juice, called the moult, becomes wine, Bacchus' drink, after fermentation. It can also be made from vinegar and grapeseed oil. The quality of the grapes, as well as the quality of the wine is today very controlled, and feeds some famous battles between the different vineyards.
Medicinal uses of the vine
The red vine leaves are used in herbal medicine for their action on venous disorders. They are used in particular to treat problems of heavy legs but also hemorrhoids, rosacea and hot flashes. Used in decoctions, the sap and the leaves have an astringent and anti-inflammatory power. Finally, the tears of vines, secretion obtained when a branch is broken, serve as a diuretic and eye drops.
Economic stake of the vine
Today, the vine is no longer just a shrub, it is the subject of research and development to produce the best possible quality of grapes. In 2000, the space devoted to its cultivation thus reached nearly 8 million hectares worldwide and was responsible for the production of nearly 300 million hectoliters of wine. "Wine tourism" is even developing in France.
Discover the advice of Doctor Plantes to treat a vine affected by mildew