Bay laurel or viburnum (Viburnum tinus L.) belongs to the adoxaceae family (formerly classified as Caprifoliaceae). It is native to the scrub heaths or deciduous forests of the Mediterranean basin and south-eastern Europe.
Varieties of laurels
The word "" laurel "", in the French common language, indicates a group of very decorative plants, which belong to different genera and families. We think of laurel-sauce, laurel-cherry (also called laurel-palm), oleander, laurel from Portugal. Contrary to what one might think, the "" laurel-thyme "" does not exist! Only the bay laurel, Laurus nobilis, can be used as a condiment in cooking.
Planting the laurel
We plant the isolated laurel-tin, at the bottom of a massif, in free hedge or in pot on a balcony. It likes fertile, deep and not too dry soils. It is best to protect it from cold winds. The plant tolerates pollution well. The laurel-tin does not exceed three meters and thrives well in drained soil. The best times to plant it are the months of September-October and March-April.
Bay leaf foliage
The leaves of the laurel are persistent. They have a short, hairy petiole and an oval, pointed (pointed) blade (leaf surface), dark green and lustrous on the upper side, light green and dull on the lower side. The edges of the sheet are whole (not toothed). The leaves are opposite, that is to say facing each other on the twigs, which are reddish and hairy. The bark of large branches becomes greyish.
The flower laurel tin appears from late fall to early spring. The flowers are grouped in corymbs (simple inflorescences in which the flowers are all in the same plane), they are pink when they are in buds, white when they are open. They are hermaphrodites, that is, they have both the male organs (the stamens) and the female organs (the pistil). Quite small, they finally have a fused corolla with five rounded petals (about 5 mm in diameter).
The fruits (5 mm) are small berries (fleshy fruit), round or ovoid, metallic blue-black at maturity. The bay laurel is bushy and generally bushy. The fruits, before maturity, would be slightly toxic, even causing digestive disorders. Walls, they have no nutritional interest.
Maintenance of the laurel-tin
Bay laurel requires little care. In winter, if temperatures are negative, mulch your foot to protect it from frost and cover potted plants. For watering, two weekly sessions are enough from spring to fall.
Thelaurel tree tin does not require any size. However, you can cut a few branches to balance the antlers. This work must be done at the end of flowering so as not to stop the fruiting process. You can multiply the laurel-tin by taking semi-woody twigs at the end of summer, to make cuttings.
Uses of Bay Laurel
Bay laurel is used in the garden as an ornamental shrub, for its evergreen and winter flowering. It is also chosen in the interest of orchards and vegetable gardens. Indeed, it feeds many pollinating insects during a season when flowers are scarce. It would also shelter in its leaves many mites involved in biological control and which help protect fruits and vegetables. Find the laurels of the boutique!