Characteristics of bear garlic
- Type: vegetable plant
- Height: up to 60cm
- Flower color: White
- Desired exposure: partially shaded
- Type of soil: well drained, rich in humus
- Foliage: obsolete
- Interview : easy, low light requirement
- Sanitizing: no
- Varieties:Aillum ursinum
Origins and characteristics of bear garlic
Bear's garlic (aillum ursinum) is part of the liliaceae family. Native to Europe and Asia, this aromatic plant has nearly 700 species. Its primary origin is wild and grows in the undergrowth.
Its leaves are very similar to those of thrush, which are poisonous. So be careful if you want to harvest wild garlic from the wild. They can also be confused with those of crocuses and arum. Bear's garlic leaves come out of the ground in April. In May, the loose umbels of starry flowers come off the foliage.
After its discovery, it was cultivated in vegetable gardens in order to benefit from its various properties. It is also found in beds as an ornamental plant. Bear's garlic gets its name because it is the favorite food of bears after hibernation.
Bear's garlic goes dormant during the summer season, only to reappear in the spring.
Sowing and planting bear garlic
We sow bear's garlic in a semi-shaded or shaded place. The soil should be cool, rather heavy and very rich in humus and leaf compost.
You have to sow the seeds in July to hope to see your feet grow the following season. The soil must be well prepared and rich in compost.
Cultivation of bear's garlic
If you want to recover a plant of wild origin, it is advisable to recover the seeds of the garlic of the bear contained in the flowers of the plant found in the undergrowth rather than uprooting the plant itself and thus favor the disappearance of the species. Otherwise, it is possible to find the seeds in store.
We water bear's garlic with apple, every week, until September.
Bear's garlic can become invasive if it is not contained by dividing each year, its tufts with long green stems and white flowers. To do this, you have to wait until the foliage has wilted. Besides that, it does not need any particular size to last.
It is a perennial which supports strong frosts.
Diseases and pests of bear garlic
There is currently no known disease or pest that attacks bear garlic.
Bear garlic harvest
We can proceed to bear garlic harvest in the year after sowing. The harvest period is from April to June. However, it is necessary to wait 3 years before removing the bulbs.
The bulbs will keep for an average of one week. Flowers and leaves should be eaten very fresh. It is possible to freeze the leaves for later consumption. To do this, wash them and dry them carefully with a paper towel. Store them in a freezer box or bag.
Properties of bear garlic
Apart from its use in cooking to decorate dishes and meats thanks to its powerful fragrance, bear's garlic also has medicinal properties. As with common garlic, bear garlic has recognized benefits for cardiovascular disease, it helps reduce blood pressure in the arteries.
Likewise, it has beneficial effects against certain viral diseases such as the flu, against intestinal worms, against gastric problems and diarrhea. Bear's garlic was also widely used by the Celts and the Germans during Antiquity.