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The characteristics of clivia
- Type: flower and flowering plant
- Height: from 30 to 60 cm
- Flower colors: red, yellow, orange
- Type of soil: humiferous, sandy
- Foliage: persistent
- Vegetation: perennial
- Interview: frequent watering
- sanitizer: no
- diseases: the cochineal
- variety: clivia caulescens, clivia gardenii, clivia miniata…
Origins and peculiarities of clivia
The clivia is a flowering plant in the amaryllidaceae family. Native to South Africa, it has evergreen foliage and can reach 60 cm in height. This not very rustic plant is rather cultivated indoors (it lends itself particularly well to the culture in veranda and greenhouse) and flowers in late winter for a duration of several weeks.
There are fewclivia species ; clivia caulescens has orange-red flowers while clivia miniata citrina has yellow flowers. The clivia gardenii, meanwhile, offers very pretty tubular flowers of orange-yellow color.
Visually, the clivia is a flowering plant which is characterized by:
- Its almost varnished dark green foliage, whose broad leaves grow in a fan shape.
- Its pretty colorful flowers that look like little bells.
- Its roots which, which is rare enough to emphasize, do not grow in the ground but on the surface!
To note: the clivia is a plant whose roots, flowers, leaves and sap are poisonous. Be careful where you place your potty at home, especially if you have mischievous pets or children who touch everything!
As mentioned above, it is rather indoors and in pots that we grow clivia. The ideal is to find a little wide pot (the plant does not like to have too much space) and pierced at the bottom for good drainage. In this pot, place equal parts of the fibrous soil, sand and peat. The roots developing in height and thus raising the ground, do not fill your pot. Pack, water and place your pot in the light but not directly in the sun or near a heat source.
If the winter the clivia needs a little freshness (around 10 °) to better flourish the following year, it is important to offer it a temperature around 20 ° in the summer.
Cultivation and maintenance of clivia
The clivia does not require much attention. It is above all imperative to place it in a place that corresponds to its needs. Regarding watering, it must be regular in summer, while ensuring that the soil dries each time before watering again. Watering is reduced in autumn and is almost useless in winter.
After flowering and before the start of autumn, add fertilizer to your plant twice a month. If it does not flower, check that you are providing enough light and that it has enough space.
It is advisable to change the pot every three years because the roots of the plant take up a lot of space. Clivia being a poisonous plant, do not hesitate to use gloves to handle it.
There is no need to trim it, just remove the dry flowers as you go.
The sowing clivia is not very effective, it is advisable to operate a discharge division. After flowering, gently separate a 20 cm sucker with 3 leaves from the mother plant. Plant it in a mixture of peat and perlite and install your pot away from light. Water lightly when the soil is dry. As soon as roots appear, repot in the mixture used during planting, namely fibrous potting soil, sand and peat in equal parts.
Clivia diseases and pests
Mealybugs can weaken your flowering plant by depositing white matter on the leaves. In this case, spray rapeseed oil or, if you are more patient, use cotton wool soaked in methylated spirits to clean the leaves of the clivia and remove the pests.